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Faith Of God • View topic - Septuagint and Masoretic pattern

Septuagint and Masoretic pattern

"whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things pertain to love, whatsoever things are of honest report, if there be any virtuous thing, if there be any laudable thing, (of learning) those same have ye in your mind, Php. 4:8

Septuagint and Masoretic pattern

Postby jadmin » Mon Oct 21, 2013 2:28 pm

Luke 3:4-6
4as it is written in the book of the sayings of Esayas the prophet, which sayeth: The voice of a crier in wilderness, prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.  5Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low: And crooked things shall be made straight: and the rough ways shall be made smooth.  6And all flesh shall see the saviour sent of God.  
- Tyndale and friends Bible

Isaiah 40:3-8
3The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.  4Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:  5And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.  6The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field:  7The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass.  8The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever.  
- King James Version

Code: Select all
Isaiah 40:3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight the paths of our God. 4 Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low: and all the crooked ways shall become straight, and the rough places plains. 5 And the glory of the Lord shall appear, and ALL FLESH SHALL SEE THE SALVATION OF GOD: for the Lord has spoken it.
6 The voice of one saying, Cry; and I said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass: 7 -- 8 The grass withers, and the flower fades: but the word of our God abides for ever. - Septuagint

1 Peter 1:24-25
24because that all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man is as the flower of grass, the grass is withered, and the flower is faded away,  25but the word of the Lord endureth ever. And this is the word which by the gospel was preached among you.  
- Tyndale and friends Bible


Occasions where The Septuagint Greek Is Quoted in the New Testament against the sense of the Hebrew text

Enoch was not, because God translated him
Gen 5:24 quoted in Heb 11:5


To thy seed
Gen 12:7 quoted in Ga 3:16

Jacob - worshipped, leaning on the top of his staff
Gen 47:31 quoted in Heb 11:21

Wouldest thou kill me, as thou killest the Egyptian yesterday?
Ex 2:14 quoted in Ac 7:27-28

My name might be published abroad in all the earth
Ex 9:16 quoted in Ro 9:17

A royal priesthood
Ex 19:6 quoted in 1 Pe 2:9

The Lord knoweth them that are his
Nu 16:5 quoted in 2 Tm 2:19

Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God
Dt 6:13 quoted in Mt 4:10 and Lk 4:8

Put away the wicked man from among yourselves
Dt 17:7 quoted in 1 Cor 5:13

Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree
Dt 21:23 quoted in Ga 3:13

Cursed is everyone who continueth not
Dt 27:26 quoted in Ga 3:10

Let all the angels of God worship him
Dt 32:43 quoted in He 1:6

Why did the Gentiles rage?
Ps 2:1-2 quoted in Ac 4:25-26

Their throat is an open sepulchre
Ps 5:9 quoted in Ro 3:13

Out of the mouth of babes
Ps 8:2 quoted in Mt 21:16

What is man, that thou art mindful of him?
Ps 8:4-6 quoted in He 2:6-8

Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness
Ps 10:7 quoted in Ro 3:14

They are together become unprofitable
Ps 14:1-3 quoted in Ro 3:10-12

Thou wilt not leave my soul unto Hades
Ps 16:8-11 quoted in Ac 2:25-28

Their sound went out into all the earth
Ps 19:4 quoted in Ro 10:18

I will declare thy name unto my brethren
Ps 22:22 quoted in He 2:12

Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not
Ps 40:6-8 quoted in He 10:5-6

That thou mightest be justified in thy words
Ps 51:4 quoted in Ro 3:4

They are together become unprofitable
Ps 53:1-3 quoted in Ro 3:10-12

Let their table be made a snare
Ps 69:22-23 quoted in Ro 11:9-10

He gave them bread out of heaven to eat
Ps 78:24 quoted in Jn 6:31

Today, if ye shall hear his voice
Ps 95:7-8 quoted in He 3:15 and He 4:7

Today, if ye shall hear his voice
Ps 95:7-11 quoted in He 3:7-11

And they all shall wax old as doth a garment
Ps 102:25-27 quoted in He 1:10-12

I believed, and therefore did I speak
Ps 116:10 quoted in 2 Cor 4:13

The Lord is my helper
Ps 118:6 quoted in He 13:6

The poison of asps in under their lips
Ps 140:3 quoted in Ro 3:13

For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth
Pr 3:11-12 quoted in He 12:5-6

God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble
Pr 3:34 quoted in James 4:6 and 1 Pe 5:5

And if the righteous is scarcely saved,
where shall the ungodly and sinner appear
Pr 11:31 quoted in 1 Pe 4:18

If thine enemy hunger, feed him
Pr 25:21-22 quoted in Ro 12:20

Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed,
we should have been as Sodom
Is 1:9quoted in Ro 9:29

By hearing ye shall hear, and in no wise understand
Is 6:9-10 quoted in Mt 13:14-15 and Mk 4:12

By hearing ye shall hear, and in no wise understand
Is 6:9-10 quoted in Ac 28:26-27

Lest they should see with their eyes - and I should heal them
Is 6:9-10 quoted in John 12:40

Behold, the virgin shall be with child
Is 7:14I quoted in Mt: 1:23

I will put my trust in him
Is 8:17 quoted in He 2:13

It is the remnant that shall be saved
Is 10:22-23 quoted in Ro 9:27-28

On him shall the Gentiles hope
Is 11:10 quoted in Ro 15:12

When I shall take away their sins
Is 27:9 quoted in Ro 11:27

He that believeth on him shall not be put to shame
Is 28:16 quoted in Ro 9:33, 10:11 and 1 Pe 2:6

Teaching as their doctrines the precepts of men
Is 29:13 quoted in Mt 15:8-9 and Mk 7:6-7

I will destroy the wisdom of the wise
Is 29:14 quoted in 1 Cor 1:19

All flesh shall see the salvation of God
Is 40:3-5 quoted in Lk 3:4-6

The voice of one crying in the wilderness
Is 40:3 quoted in Mt 3:3, Mk 1:3 and Jn 1:23

All flesh is as grass
Is 40:6-8 quoted in 1 Pt 1:24-25

Who hath known the mind of the Lord?
Is 40:13 quoted in Ro 11:34 and 1 Cor 2:16

And in his name shall the Gentiles hope
Is 42:4 quoted in Mt 12:21

A people for God's own possession
Is 43:21 quoted in 1 Pe 2:9

To me every knee shall bow
Is 45:23 quoted in Ro 14:11

At an acceptable time I hearkened unto thee
Is 49:8 quoted in 2 Cor 6:2

For the name of God is blasphemed
among the Gentiles because of you
Is 52:5 quoted in Ro 2:24

They shall see, to whom no tidings of him came
Is 52:15 quoted in Ro 15:21

Who has believed our report?
Is 53:1 quoted in Jn 12:38 and Ro 10:16

He was led as a sheep to the slaughter
Is 53:7-8 quoted in Ac 8:32-33

Neither was guile found in his mouth
Is 53:9 quoted in 1 Pt 2:22

Rejoice thou barren that bearest not
Is 54:1 quoted in Ga 4:27

The holy and sure blessings of David
Is 55:3 quoted in Ac 13:34

To set at liberty them that are bruised
Is 58:6 in Luke 4:18

He shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob
Is 59:20-21 quoted in Ro 11:26-27

The Spirit of the Lord is upon me
Is 61:1-2 quoted in Lk 4:18-19

I was found of them that sought me not
Is 65:1 quoted in Ro 10:20

A disobedient and gainsaying people
Is 65:2 quoted in Ro 10:21

Behold, the days come
Jer 31:31-34 quoted in He 8:8-12

I will put my laws on their heart
Jer 31:33-34 quoted in He 10:16-17

I will call that my people, which was not my people
Ho 2:23 quoted in Ro 9:25

I desire mercy, and not sacrifice
Ho 6:6 quoted in Mt 9:13 and 12:7

O death, where is thy sting?
Ho 13:14 quoted in 1 Cor 15:55

I will pour forth of my Spirit upon all flesh
Jl 2:28-32 quoted in Ac 2:17-21

Ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch
Am 5:25-27 quoted in Ac 7:42-43

I will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen
Am 9:11-12 quoted in Ac 15:16-17

For I work a work in your days,
which ye shall in no wise believe
Hab 1:5 quoted in Ac 13:41

But my righteous one shall live by faith
Hab 2:3-4 quoted in He 10:37-38

Occasions where a Masoretic Hebrew Reading Is Quoted in the New Testament against the sense of the Septuagint Greek

He that taketh the wise in their craftiness
Job 5:13 quoted in 1 Cor 3:19

Who hath first given to him?
Job 41:11 quoted in Ro 11:35

A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence
Is 8:14 quoted in Ro 9:33 and 1 Pe 2:8

Out of Egypt did I call my son
Ho 11:1 quoted in Mt 2:15

They shall look on him whom they pierced
Zch 12:10 quoted in Jn 19:37

Behold, I send my messenger before thy face
Mal 3:1 quoted in Mt 11:10, Mk 1:2, and Lk 7:27

Comparison posted online by R. Grant Jones
jadmin
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Re: Septuagint and Masoretic diff

Postby jadmin » Fri Aug 25, 2017 1:25 pm

Genesis 2:2 God completed his works on the LXX: sixth day MT: seventh day
All Bibles Old Testament that were translated from the Masoretic Text like the King James version would have translated it likewise, nevertheless other passages give the right clue like in this instance:
Exodus 20:11
For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
- King James Version


Genesis 4:8 “Let us go into the field” MT Omitted

Genesis 5:24 LXX: "God translated Enoch" MT: "God took Enoch"

Genenis 5 chronology, for example: 5:29 LXX: "188" MT: "182", Genesis 5:30 LXX: "565" MT: "595"
Genesis 11 chornology major difference:
MT:
11:12 And Arphachsad lived thirty five year and begat Sala,
11:13 and lived after he had begot Sala four hundred year and three and begat sons and daughters.
LXX:
11:12 And Arphaxad lived a hundred and thirty-five years, and begot Cainan. *(Note Mentioned in Luke 3:36)
11:13 And Arphaxad lived after he had begotten Cainan, four hundred and thirty years, and begot sons and daughters, and died. And Cainan lived a hundred and thirty years and begot Sala; and Canaan lived after he had begotten Sala, three hundred and thirty years, and begot sons and daughters, and died.

Genesis 10:24 MT some generations removed

Genesis 46:27 LXX: 75, MT: 70

Exodus 1:5 LXX: 75, MT: 70

Deuteronomy 32:8 LXX “Angels Of Elohim” MT: “children of Israel.”

Deuteronomy 32:43 ‘Let all the messengers of Elohim worship him.’” MT Omitted

Psalm 22:16 LXX: “They pierced my hands and my feet” MT: “like a lion, my hands and my feet”.

Psal 39:7 LXX: "a body you prepared for me" MT: "you dug hears for me"

Psalm 40:6 LXX: “a body you have prepared for me” MT: “you opened my ears.”

Psalm 96:10 “Say among the nations, YHWH reigns from the wood” MT omitted.

Psalm 145:13 "The Lord is faithful in his words, and holy in all his works." MT omitted

Psalm 151 MT ommitted

Isaiah 7:14 LXX: “Virgin” MT: “young woman.”

Isaiah 19:18 LXX: “city of righteousness” MT: “city of the sun” or in some versions “the city of destruction.”

Isaiah 42:4 LXX: "and in his name shall the Gentiles trust" MT: "and the isles shall wait for his law"

Isaiah 53:11 “light” MT: omitted

Isaiah 61:1 “recovery of sight to the blind.” MT: omitted

Jeremiah 10 verses 6 and 7 only MT includes, while not found in LXX

The Masoretic has the chapter order in the prophetic Book of Daniel chronologically different than the LXX.

On 134 occasions the LXX has Tetragrammaton, the name of God, while MT has “Adonai”.
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